It was in Japan that this fighting style was given its name. The word Jiu-Jitsu means “gentle art”. What this means is that the movements should be executed without force. This allows anyone to be able to learn Jiu-Jitsu successfully. Because of the “principle of action and reaction”, using the weight and strength of your opponent against themselves, and also the technique which utilizes leverage to allow you to move an opponent who is both stronger and heavier, when used together, the end result is unbeatable and you can dominate your opponent, which is the objective. These guiding principles make Jiu-Jitsu an efficient use of mental and physical energy.
Jiu-Jitsu was created more than 2500 years ago by Buddhist monks, a nomadic and often frail people who were frequently plundered and robbed by others. Because of their religious beliefs they could not use weapons, and so they developed a form of self-defense. Studying the movements of animals, the monks realized the principle of leverage; allowing a much weaker individual to conquer a stronger, heavier opponent. With the spread of Buddhism this fighting style made its way across Asia, finally arriving in Japan, where it became an asset to the samurai; a class of exceptional warriors, whose job it was to defended their lords and masters. The samurai mastered several fighting techniques using such weapons as knives, spears, bows and arrows and they chose Jiu-Jitsu, as the hand-to-hand fighting style. Jiu-Jitsu stood out, despite the aggressiveness of that time period, by taking advantage of balance, or the lack of it, and flexibility, which is able to overcome brute force.